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Kumana National Park

Yala East National Park, located in Sri Lanka, is a renowned destination known for its diverse and abundant wildlife. The park is particularly famous for its bird sanctuary, which showcases the characteristics of the dry zone tropical thorn forest. This unique ecosystem provides a thriving habitat for a wide variety of bird species.

In the southeastern coast of Sri Lanka lies Kumana National Park, a remarkable natural area that boasts a significant feature of the world-famous Kumana mangrove swamp. The park is encompassed by vast plains and dense jungle, creating a picturesque landscape. The coastal region, characterized by flat terrain, is interspersed with numerous rocky outcrops, adding to the scenic beauty of the area.

Along the coast, you'll find large saline lagoons, which are often surrounded by extensive plains. These lagoons serve as important habitats for various wildlife species, including birds. The Kumana mangrove swamp plays a vital role in supporting and nurturing the avian population, making it an essential site for bird enthusiasts and researchers.

Kumana National Park comprises semi-arid thorn scrub vegetation, with pockets of dense forests scattered throughout the area. The unique combination of different habitats within the park supports a rich array of flora and fauna. The park's fauna is similar to that found in Ruhunu (Yala) National Park, located nearby.

During the months of May and June, the Kumana mangrove swamp becomes a focal point for nature's spectacle. Large numbers of certain bird species congregate in this area, specifically to nest in the safety of the mangroves. This annual phenomenon attracts visitors and nature lovers from around the world, offering an incredible opportunity to witness the breeding activities and the vibrant birdlife in action.

In summary, Yala East National Park is a captivating destination, celebrated for its diverse wildlife and remarkable bird sanctuary. Kumana National Park, nestled along the southeastern coast, showcases the world-famous Kumana mangrove swamp, surrounded by plains, jungle, and rocky outcrops. This unique ecosystem supports a wide range of bird species, and during the nesting season in May and June, the mangroves become a bustling hub of avian activity. The park's semi-arid thorn scrub and dense forest areas further contribute to the abundance of flora and fauna, making it a must-visit location for nature enthusiasts.

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